United Kingdom

UK Parliamentarians, both from the House of Lords as well as the House of Commons, have shown their support since the start of the persecution of Falun Dafa (Falun Gong) in China in July 1999. Many have spoken at debates, rallies, seminars and formally raised questions in Parliament. There have also been 15 Early Day Motions from supportive Parliamentarians and the Prime Minister has received 129,700 signatures of support from UK residents.

(As Part of European Parliament)

Although UK Parliamentarians are not able to make resolutions or declarations, the UK was part of the European Union until 2020 and had 73 Members of European Parliament (MEPs). UK MEPs supported the 2013 EU resolution against organ harvesting in China as well as written declaration 0048/2016 titled “Stopping organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience in China”. This was adopted in 2016 and states “There have been persistent credible reports on systematic, state-sanctioned organ harvesting from non-consenting prisoners of conscience in the People’s Republic of China, primarily from practitioners of Falun Gong peaceful meditation and exercises but also from Uighurs, Tibetans and Christians.”

Human Rights Dialogs with China

Although most European countries rely on the EU-China human rights dialogues to raise issues of human rights, the UK is one of two European countries that continues to hold separate human rights dialogues directly with China annually.

Organ Harvesting

Recently, an amendment to the Medicines and Medical Devices Bill, that started in the Commons by Marie Rimmer MP, has now been debated twice in the House of Lords, with cross-party support. This amendment adds the origin and treatment of human tissue, including human organs, to the list of matters about which regulations may be made by the appropriate authority, in the context that informed, valid, uncoerced and demonstrably documented consent may not have been given for the harvesting of such human tissue and organs. In short, it is an amendment that calls on the UK Government to take action on the harvesting of human organs and human tissues from Falun Gong practitioners as well as other prisoners of conscience in China.

In January 2020, Lord Hunt of Kings Heath had a First Reading of his Private Members Bill “Organ Tourism and Cadavers on Display Bill”. Lord Hunt told NTDTV in an interview “People from other countries are paying lots of money to go to China, and almost ordering an organ by order, it really is shocking. My bill is a bill to stop people from the UK doing that.”

  2. Parliamentary Debates
  3. Parliamentary Group Statements
  4. Early Day Motions
  5. MP Statements
  6. Parliamentary Seminars



3. Parliamentary Groups Statements

4. Early Day Motions


Debate in the House of Lords on China: Organ Harvesting – Questions on July 25, 2019

Lord Collins of Highbury: To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the Final Judgment and Summary of the Independent Tribunal into Forced Organ Harvesting from Prisoners of Conscience in China, published on 17 June.

Minister of State, Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon:  The evidence provided disturbing details about the mistreatment of Falun Gong practitioners, and raised worrying questions about China’s transplant system. We continue to monitor all available evidence in this regard.

Lord Dholakia:  Now that the tribunal’s report is available, will the Minister ensure that it is put on the Foreign and Commonwealth Office website so that people travelling to China for medical tourism are aware of how such organs are secured? There seems to be no transparency on this matter. We have a proud tradition of respecting the human rights of individuals wherever they may be.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon: I will certainly take the noble Lord’s first suggestion back to the FCO. My understanding is that Canada, Spain, Israel, Italy and Taiwan have now implemented schemes on the very issue of monitoring people travelling to China for transplants. That is something I wish to explore further with Home Office colleagues.

Lord Alton of Liverpool: My Lords, is the Minister aware that witnesses at last night’s inaugural meeting of the all-party parliamentary group on Uighurs expressed great concern that many of the Uighurs in detention centres—there may be as many as 1 million—along with Falun Gong practitioners and people from other minorities are being targeted through DNA tests, which they fear may then be used for the harvesting of organs?


Petition to help stop the persecution delivered to Prime Minister

On 20 July, multiple events took place in central London to raise awareness about the 20-year-long persecution of Falun Gong in China. A petition containing 90,000 signatures collected and delivered to the Prime Minister’s Office.


Parliamentarians show support for Falun Gong Rally in Parliament Square

Falun Gong practitioners held a rally on July 16 2019, in front of the UK Parliament to mark the 20 years of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) persecution. They also held a forum inside the parliament building to inform people of the brutality of CCP’s brutal persecution, especially the state-sanctioned live organ harvesting. They called on the British government and the international community to help stop the persecution. The Parliamentary supporters who came to show support or sent supportive messages were: Lord Hylton, Patrick Grady MP, Marie Rimmer MP, Baroness Lister of Burtersett, Caroline Lucas MP, Ian Murray MP, and Chris Stephens MP.


Seminar in Parliament marking the 20th year of persecution for Falun Gong

Jim Shannon MP hosted a seminar on 16 July titled ‘How the UK Might Get China to Stop Committing Crimes Against Humanity’ to raise awareness about the continued persecution of Falun Gong in China. Members from the House of Lords as well as House of Commons attended and the room was packed. The seminar covered the background of Falun Gong, the persecution in China as well as the recent judgment by the China Tribunal and current legislation enacted to combat organ harvesting.


February 2019

Human Bodies: Commercial Exhibition Oral PQ



October 2018

3rd Round Table Briefing on Forced Organ Harvesting in China, held in Parliament
This event took place in Parliament on Tuesday, 16th October 2018, hosted and and chaired by Jim Shannon MP. Evidence was presented from Lord Alton of Liverpool, Senior Medical professionals and leading academics.

The event was the third such event organized at the U.K. Parliament in the last 12 months. One of the issues on the agenda was the claim that the Chinese government is killing prisoners of conscience (particularly, religious minorities, including Falun Gong, Tibetan Buddhists, Uighur Muslims and unregistered House Church Christians) to supply the organ harvesting industry. The claims of organ harvesting in China are supported by substantial evidence from independent sources.


April 2018

2nd Round Table Briefing on Forced Organ Harvesting in China, held in Parliament
Lawmakers in UK Parliament heard evidence from leading investigators at an April 17 briefing about forced organ harvesting in China. Among the nine speakers were Nobel Peace Prize nominee Ethan Gutmann, former Canadian Secretary of State (Asia-Pacific) David Kilgour, and Benedict Rogers, Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party Human Rights Commission.

“This is thousands upon thousands upon thousands of people being forced to hand over, unwillingly, their organs,” said Jim Shannon MP, who co-hosted the round-table with Fiona Bruce MP.

“In the room today, you had Conservatives, DUP, Labour and others who would hold positions as peers in the house,” he said. “We’re all horrified, totally horrified about what’s taken place.”

July 2017

EDM (Early Day Motion) 173: 12 July 2017  (18 Supporters)


Sponsor: Patrick Grady MP

That this House notes the long-standing campaign against forced organ harvesting, and pays tribute to the sheer determination of all those who have dedicated so much time to bringing this issue to the attention of policy makers around the world; further notes that the Chinese Government has admitted that it has used organs from executed prisoners, and has claimed that it will phase out the practice within five years; is concerned that without a system of transparency and traceability in place, organs from executed prisoners, including from many thousands of Falun Gong practitioners who are prisoners of conscience, may still be used in this manner; notes claims by campaigners that Falun Gong practitioners continue to be subjected to persecution, arbitrary detention, unfair trials, torture and other ill-treatment; notes with concern reports that Falun Gong practitioner Chen Huixia was detained in June 2017 and, according to her daughter, tortured in detention because of her beliefs; welcomes Amnesty International’s campaign and efforts calling on Chinese authorities to immediately release imprisoned Falun Gong practitioners; and calls on the Government to raise these ongoing concerns when they meet with representatives of the Chinese Government.


Question to the Leader of the House of Commons

Jim Shannon MP:“On 25 July, we mark 18 years of brutality against Falun Gong practitioners in China. So many families have been destroyed and so many people have lost their lives for their faith in Falun Gong’s guiding principles of truthfulness, compassion and tolerance. Despite all its resources and the inside knowledge, China has not provided any information to show that the forced organ harvesting of prisoners of conscience is not happening. Will the Leader of the House agree to a statement or, better still, a debate on this important issue?”

Andrea Leadsom MP: “The hon. Gentleman raises a harrowing issue, which many hon. Members across the House will have been made aware of. It is certainly something that he should raise at Foreign Office questions, and it would also be worthy of debate either on the Adjournment or in Westminster Hall.”



November 2016

Documentary about China’s Forced Organ Harvesting Screened at UK Parliament

The Conservative Party Human Rights Commission held a screening of the documentary Hard to Believe, a film that reveals the state-sanctioned organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners and other prisoners of conscience in China. Parliamentarians, medical experts, and human right activists attended the screening. Chair and deputy chair of the commission, Fiona Bruce MP and Benedict Rogers hosted the screening in Parliament.


Parliamentary Debate on Forced Organ Removal: China (October 2016)

Jim Shannon MP sponsored this debate in Westminster Hall, House of Commons on 11 October.

Mr Shannon opened, “I beg to move, That this House has considered forced organ removal in China.

This is a very difficult subject to talk about, but there are those of us who have followed this issue in China and listened to people who have come to the House to present petitions and speak to us about it. We have watched the film on the issue and had a briefing in the House as well. Many Members of the House have been vociferous and outspoken on the issue. I commend the hon. Member for Congleton (Fiona Bruce) for the hard work that she has done on it in the House. We admire her courage, tenacity and commitment to the issue. The rest of us will add our contribution.”…“today’s debate is not based on a horror story as we approach Halloween; it is not make-believe. It is a horror that is all too real in China. As it has been brought to our attention, I feel that we have a role to play in returning this scenario to the realms of urban legend. That is why the debate is so important.”…“Previous speculation that approximately 40,000 to 65,000 organs were extracted from prisoners of conscience is now seen as a serious underestimate, particularly as the number of Chinese hospitals that have informally confirmed the use of Falun Gong prisoners as a primary organ source continues to grow.”…

The Debate Pack (House of Commons Library prepared summary) states that “Successive UK governments have expressed concerns about claims of organ harvesting. They have done so in the context of the ongoing ‘UK-China Human Rights Dialogue’ and the ‘UK-China Strategic Dialogue’.”
Debate Pack:

September 2016

The Speaker of the House of Commons, The Rt Hon John Bercow, hosted the premier screening of the film The Bleeding Edge in Speaker’s House. The film focused on the issue of organ harvesting of Falun Gong prisoners of conscience in China. The screening was followed by a panel discussion with lead actress Anastasia Lin, Ethan Gutmann, director Leon Lee and executive producer Jason Loftus. Prominent Parliamentarians from both houses were in attendance.


August 2016

UK Falun Dafa Association and DAFOH Submit 11,000 Signatures to Prime Minister

The UK Falun Dafa Association and Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting (DAFOH) submitted more than 11,000 signatures on August 22, 2016, on a petition to the office of Prime Minster Theresa May, calling for the British government to help stop the Chinese Communist Party’s large-scale forced organ harvesting from Falun Gong practitioners and safeguard universal values.



In November 2005, a seminar was held in UK Parliament sponsored and chaired by Lord Thurlow with Former Chinese diplomat Chen Yonglin and former 6-10 Office policeman Hao Fengjun who defected to Australia, smuggling documents out from China. Chen claimed there are 1,000 Chinese spies operating in Australia alone. Hao said he left China after witnessing the torture of a Falun Gong adherent.

Falun Gong Practitioners Submit Petition and 8,000 signatures to the Prime Minister’s Office (September 2005)

In order to rescue Falun Gong practitioners taken into custody and persecuted illegally in China and also their relatives and orphans, on September 1, several British practitioners went to London to the British Prime Minister’s office, Tony Blair, at 10 Downing Street to submit a petition together with more than eight thousand signatures. They also presented a human rights report on Falun Gong by the United Nations.


UK MPs and Lords Raise Their Concerns About China’s Human Rights Record

March 2004

Ian Stewart MP said “I am concerned about repeated reports of human rights abuses … I urge the People’s Republic to exercise tolerance in relation to organisations such as Falun Gong.”

Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Minister, Bill Rammell MP responded “…we urge that the rights of Falun Gong adherents be respected.”

John Wilkinson MP said “… As people of a democracy, we believe in the right of people to exercise their religious faith, whatever it may be… for example, the Falun Gong movement should be permitted in the PRC. We hold such fundamental freedoms dear, not only in this country but in Europe as a whole.”



Early Day Motion 1320, 15 May 2002 (47 Supporters)
Sponsor: Lynne Jones MP

That this House notes that the Chinese Embassy has circulated unsolicited material to honourable Members regarding Falun Gong; notes the discourtesy of the Chinese Embassy in failing to reply to letters from honourable Members in relation to human rights for Falun Gong practitioners in China which calls into question the sincerity of the message from the Chinese Ambassador in the document commemorating the 30th Anniversary of the establishment of China – UK ambassadorial diplomatic relations, that constructive dialogue on the basis of mutual respect and equality is the only positive way in handling differences; and calls on the Government to seek assurances from the Chinese Ambassador that points of concern raised by honourable Members will receive a considered response.

UK Parliamentary Foreign Affairs Committee urges the UK Government and EU to Table a Resolution Criticising the Jiang Regime at the UNCHR

(February 2002) The Human Rights Annual Report 2001 published February 2002 said that “The Human Rights Annual Report comments at some length, and rightly so, on abuses of human rights in China, including restrictions on the exercise of freedom of religion and belief.” (Link)

UK Parliamentary Seminar raising awareness about the persecution of Falun Gong

Lord Moyne said, “The fact that we are all gathered here today will no doubt be carefully noted by the Chinese Communist Government, and it is right that it should be. It shows that the actions against the Falun Gong excite condemnation in influential circles outside China…it is important that, in every country in the world, attention is drawn constantly to the disgraceful behaviour of the Communist authorities to people whose practices and beliefs pose no kind of threat.”


UK Parliament holds seminar to discuss the persecution of Falun Gong practitioners in China

Dr Stephen Ladyman MP, chaired a session organized by the European Friends of Falun Gong at the Houses of Parliament in the UK on the afternoon of February 27, 2002. The theme of the seminar is “China’s Human Rights Violation: How Europe Should Help Stop the Brutal Persecution of Falun Gong Practitioners.”

Iain Luke MP said, “We need to work together to urge China to allow its people to have the basic human rights in the free world.”


Sue Doughty MP’s Letter  Supporting Falun Gong



UK Parliament Debate on Religious Liberty Mentions the Persecution of Falun Gong (October 2001)

Baroness Cox said, “Broadly, we can identify three types of ideology that are responsible for most contemporary religious persecution. The first is atheistic communism. … In China, the state permits religious practice only in state-controlled organizations, thus controlling their leadership, meetings and teaching. Those who refuse to comply pay a high price. Muslims, Tibetan Buddhists, the Falun Gong and Christians are suffering oppression. Tens of millions are believed to be suffering harassment, fines, detention, forced labour, ‘re-education’, imprisonment and torture.” (Link)

Early Day Motion 304: 24 October 2001 (62 Supporters)
Sponsor: Iain Luke MP

That this House calls upon the Chinese Government to issue a passport to Miss Minghui You, the 21 month old daughter of two Chinese nationals currently resident in Dundee; notes with concern that Miss Minghui You appears to have been denied a passport as a result of her parents being practitioners of Falun Gong; and further calls upon Her Majesty’s Government to do all in its power to ensure that the Government of the People’s Republic of China upholds the human rights of all Chinese citizens, and all minority groups within Chinese society including those who choose to become Falun Gong practitioners. (Link)

UK Foreign Office Minister’s Letter of Support to UK Falun Gong Association (September 2001, Link)

The UK Foreign Office Minister, Denis MacShane MP, wrote to the Falun Gong Association (UK) on 13 September describing the actions of the UK government saying, “we have been deeply concerned at the treatment of Falun Gong leaders and adherents since the group was banned in July 1999. I would reiterate that concern and assure you that the Government follows events in connection with Falun Gong carefully, reviewing our policy on a regular basis, especially in the light of the numerous reports of harsh treatment in custody or during interrogation.”

“Through our policy of dialogue with the Chinese, we have made it clear that such actions are unacceptable and in direct contravention of provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which China signed in October 1998 but has yet to ratify. Falun Gong has been raised at the highest levels with the Chinese authorities. The Prime Minister did so with Chinese President Jiang Zemin on 19 October 1999. Robin Cook, when Foreign Secretary, pressed Chinese Foreign Minister, Tang Jiaxuan, in New York on 12 September 2000 for swift action to improve respect for human rights in China.”

“We also raise the Chinese authorities’ mistreatment of Falun Gong adherents during the regular UK/China human rights dialogues with China.”…“The Chinese authorities can be in no doubt about the strength of our feelings on this important issue.”

Audrey Glover, Head of the UK Delegation to the UN Commission on Human Rights (July 2001)

Audrey Glover, Head of the UK Delegation to the UN Commission on Human Rights, visited China in July and called on the Chinese authorities to cease the use of administrative detention, a system used against Falun Gong adherents, which allows for detention without trial. (Link)

Debate in the House of Lords on China: Human Rights (18 July 2001)

Lord Alton of Liverpool: “China systematically uses re-education centres and imprisonment for religious believers and political reformers. These include political dissidents, such as members of the banned China Democratic Party, and anti-corruption and environmental campaigners. Suppression of the Internet, arrests, detentions, unfair trials and executions, the imprisonment of hundreds of Buddhist monks, Christians and members of Falun Gong, and the barbaric treatment of women and children through the one-child policy, must surely cause each one of us to question how we can persist with a policy of business, sport, and aid as usual. “

Lord Hylton: “The Falun Gong came into existence from 1992 onwards as a result of the teaching of Li Hongzhi. He had studied earlier for 30 years under widely-respected Buddhists and Taoist masters. At first, his teaching was commended by the authorities. Outside observers consider that the teaching has given new hope and self-discipline to many people, especially to the rising generation, who found themselves growing up in a moral vacuum.”

“However, since 1998, the state has abruptly changed tack, without giving adherents of the Falun Gong the option of joining a registered association. The whole security apparatus has tried to suppress the movement with ruthless violence. No public or private practice of exercises and meditation is allowed. Tens of thousands of these people have been sent to labour camps, often without trial. They are also sent to prisons and mental hospitals, just as occurred in the Soviet Union in its latter years. Torture and beatings are widely used to extort renunciations. British, Canadian and Australian citizens have been violently abused when visiting China for religious purposes.”

“There have been some 200 known deaths in custody. Yet the persecuted–it is important to emphasise this point–have never responded with violence.”

This totally unacceptable state behaviour continues despite international protest, notably at the UN Human Rights Commission. Earlier this year, I took part in a delegation to the Chinese Ambassador in London with other Members of both Houses of Parliament. One cannot help wondering whether Falun Gong fell from favour the moment that its membership equalled, or exceeded, that of the Chinese Communist Party.

“The key issue seems to be religious toleration, whether for Christians, Muslims, the Falun Gong, or the Tibetan Buddhists. Will Her Majesty’s Government work steadily for this, remembering that freedom of conscience and religious worship are central to United Nations declarations and covenants? Will they seek the release of those imprisoned for their beliefs and religious activities? Will they ask for the abolition of registration as a means of control, and for the use instead of the criminal law against anyone causing public disturbances or harm to the common good? Finally, will Her Majesty’s Government ask for a new, nation-wide law in China for the protection of religious freedom based on international standards?”

Lord Desai: “ It is not wishful thinking to say that China’s inability to deal with the Falun Gong points to one of its system’s biggest weaknesses. If it cannot deal with 10 million or so religious, reasonably non-violent, people and if it has to take extreme measures to control the Falun Gong–as occurred in Hong Kong recently–the system cannot be all that strong. I believe that human rights abuses will be brought to an end in China through an internal upheaval.”

Baroness Amos, Foreign Office Minister:“The Government is not complacent about the dialogue process. We recognise that it has achieved little in terms of promoting positive change in Tibet and on the freedom of religion and the treatment of Falun Gong practitioners.”

“… We are deeply concerned about the treatment of individual adherents of the Falun Gong movement. We press the Chinese authorities at every appropriate opportunity to cease the maltreatment of adherents, in line with the provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and we shall continue to press the Chinese to release adherents and leaders detained for political reasons.” (Link)

Support Letters from UK Parliamentary members: John Wilkinson MP, Dr. Stephen J. Ladyman MP

May 2001 | Link

John Wilkinson MP: “I believe that the Government of The People’s Republic of China has behaved disgracefully in discriminating against and in some instances persecuting practitioners of Falun Gong. I have already protested to the Ambassador of The People’s Republic of China about this and I think that the British Government has been far too uncritical of the Communist Chinese Government about this. I shall continue to support the practitioners of Falun Gong in The People’s Republic of China. It is a matter of fundamental human rights.”

Dr S J Ladyman MP: “I do of course support the need to protect Falun Gong practitioners and to ensure their human rights”

Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, John Battle, addressed the UN Commission on Human Rights

(March 2001) Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, John Battle, addressed the UN Commission on Human Rights on 22 March, he expressed the UK Government’s concern at the situation in Tibet, the continued detention and harassment of democracy activists, religious practitioners and Falun Gong adherents and the excessive use of the death penalty in China. (Link)


UK Member of European Parliament, Lan Hudghton MEP, nominates Master Li Hongzhi for Nobel Peace Prize
December 2000

EDM (Early Day Motion) 1151: 14 November 2000 (16 Supporters)
Sponsor: Lembit Öpik MP

That this House notes the People’s Republic of China’s apparent policy of opposition to Falun Gong practitioners, including labour, prison sentences and harsh treatment detention; welcomes the raising of these concerns with the Chinese authorities by Her Majesty’s Government and our European partners; and urges the Government to consider further initiatives, to underline the commitment of Britain to freedom of religion or belief in China, and to work cooperatively and considerately with the Chinese authorities to understand the rationale for their current position and seek ways to achieve progress regarding policy towards Falun Gong practitioners in China.

UK/China Human Rights Dialogue

A letter from John Battle, Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, stated”We expressed concern at excessive sentences against Falun Gong leaders, harassment of ordinary adherents and the treatment, including reports of beatings, of Falun Gong protestors in Tianamen Square on 1 October. Such actions were incompatible with the provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which China signed in October 1998. We pressed the Chinese Government to abide by these provisions.”

Foreign Affairs Committee of UK Parliament Condemns Chinese Government’s Human Rights Record

The Foreign Affairs Committee of the UK Parliament on 30 November issued a 359-page report reviewing the UK Government’s relations with China. The report made many references to Falun Gong and included evidence from UK Falun Gong practitioners as well as reports from human rights organisations on the treatment of Falun Gong practitioners in China.

The report stated, “We conclude that Chinese practices in relation to religions and belief systems are not in keeping with Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which guarantees the rights to hold any religion or belief and to manifest it.”

EDM (Early Day Motion) 508: 10 March 2000 (19 Supporters)
Sponsor: Alan Simpson MP

That this House notes with concern the removal without trial of Wenjian Liang (32) to a forced labour camp in Guangzhou province for two years; notes that her detention and deportation was based entirely on her being a practitioner of Falun Gong meditation and that she now joins some 3,000 other Falun Gong practitioners currently incarcerated in Chinese labour camps and over 35,000 who have been subject to arbitrary arrest; and urges the Government to support a resolution to the United Nation’s Human Rights Commission in Geneva this March and April which calls on China to end this indefensible persecution of its own citizens.