BEIJING is preparing to host the 2008 Olympics. But if what I was told there recently by former prisoners is true, the civilized world must shun China.
In a dingy hotel room with the curtains drawn, the men I met told of brutal persecution of their spiritual movement and worse, the sale of living organs, to order. Along with my interpreter, the men were rapidly arrested, detained and questioned for the “crime” of meeting me. One practitioner is still missing and it is feared that he is being tortured.A few days before the
anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre—June 4—I visited Beijing to pin down a terrifying new development: reports of “organ harvesting.” Organs from prisoners are literally being marketed with the waiting time for a transplant often now being a matter of days. Nearly 400 hospitals in China share the booming trade in transplants with websites advertising new kidneys for $60,000. Administrators tell inquirers, “Yes, it will be a Falun Gong, so it will be clean.”
As the founder of the European Union’s Democracy and Human Rights Initiative I wanted to find out why the Communist regime which has dominated the world’s largest country since 1949 had now descended to genocide.
In 1992 Falun Gong—a new Buddhist Tai chi-like movement—had begun to sweep China. When I first visited Beijing in 1996 every open space was filled with people practicing its slow exercises and meditation. By 1999 it had some 100 million adherents. Because of its self-discipline and healthy approach—practitioners do not smoke or drink alcohol and have a rigorous moral code—it was encouraged by the authorities.
Then in 1999 the regime decided Falun Gong could become an organized force and began a ruthless crackdown, organized by its notorious “6-10” office, named after its foundation date. I had heard that practitioners were harshly treated and persecution by other prisoners is encouraged, but it was reports of transplants from living prisoners—a ghastly reward for their healthy lifestyle—which took me to China.
Sitting on the hotel bed in front of me was Niu Jinping, 52, and his two-year-old daughter. Niu had served two years in prison for practicing Falun Gong and his wife was still in prison. The last time he saw her, in January, her entire body was bruised from the repeated beatings she took as the torturers tried to make her denounce Falun Gong. She is now deaf.
Niu was in despair: The beatings his wife suffered lasted sometimes 20 hours. He told me that 30 of the Falun Gong practitioners in his prison had died through beatings. When the crackdown began, Niu lost his work permit and had to sell his house to live. He earns about $90 a month guarding the cars of China’s new rich. Was there anything about Falun Gong which was seditious, dangerous to the regime? No, said Niu bleakly.
Falun Gong is not a membership organization and charges no fees. In response to the crackdown, practitioners began a peaceful “truth” campaign against the regime which has so far triggered more than 20 million resignations from the Communist Party and its affiliations.
According to the many diplomats, journalists and other observers I met, it is not just Falun Gong, but other Buddhists—especially Tibetans—Christians and Muslims who are being persecuted as well. Yet sadly, China’s vast economic boom makes the same diplomats and visitors turn an official blind eye to the hundreds of thousands in “administrative detention.”
One man who has spoken out is human rights advocate Gao Zhisheng. His Beijing law office took up the cases of desperate people until the authorities put him under house arrest in February: He had advised Niu Jinping. Gao, a Christian, told me I was the only politician in seven years to meet Falun Gong ex-prisoners in China, and criticized Western diplomats for walking by on the other side of the street.
The other ex-convict I interviewed was Cao Dong, 36, who had been in prison with seven Tiananmen Square protesters and told the same story. With tears he told me he saw the cadaver of his friend—a fellow Falun Gong practitioner—with the holes where organs had been removed. I have just heard that the secret police have used his apartment key to collect his computer material and private papers. They had already interrogated his roommate for five days: He is now in hiding, while Cao Dong has been missing since the interview. I have demanded an urgent meeting with the Chinese ambassador to the European Union. If people in Beijing think this is the way to prepare for the Olympics they have made the wrong call.
Edward McMillan-Scott, MEP (Yorkshire & Humber, Cons) is a Vice-President of the European Parliament.